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Library - Theology - Sikhism

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Sikhism (which is derived from the word "Sikh" meaning "disciple" or "student" in the Sanskrit language where it originated) is a monotheistic religion that was founded by Guru Nanak Dev Ji in c. 15th Century CE in the Punjab region of India.

Deities:   Supernatural agents:   Beliefs:   Traditions:
  • Ik Onkar (the single supreme transcendent and immanent deity)
  • Cup of Naam (provides the essence of Ik Onkar to anyone who drinks from it)
  • Reincarnation
  • Guiding principles of faith are:
    • Truth
    • Equality
    • Freedom
    • Justice
    • Karma
  • The concept of the supreme reality is dynamic and idealised
  • "Sat sri akaal" is a greeting that means "truth is timeless"
  • Prayers (a commonly recommended schedule)
    • Five prayers in the morning (01:00 to 06:00)
    • One prayer in the evening (17:00 to 19:00)
    • One prayer before sleeping (20:00 to 22:00)
  • Clothing and related accessories
    • Dhoti and Katchera (cotton undergarments worn by both women and men)
    • Kara (iron bracelet that symbolizes eternity and can double as a weapon in combat)
    • Kesh (uncut hair, neatly tied and wrapped in a Turban called a "Dastar" that is mandatory for baptized Sikh men to wear)
      • Kanga (a wooden comb, often obscured by a Dastar)
    • Kirpan (iron daggor that symbolizes eternity)

The five qualifications for being a Sikh are to faithfully:

  1. believe in a singular formless being
  2. believe in ten gurus (which includes the guru Granth Sahib)
  3. believe in and practise the teachings of the ten gurus
  4. believe in a baptism given by the tenth guru
  5. have no allegiance to any other religion
 
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