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Library - Theology - Ayyavazhi

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Ayyavazhi (a word meaning "path of the father") is a polytheistic religion that originated in South India in 1,809 CE as a revolutionary part of the reformations in Travancorean and Tamil societies.  Although it shares some similar ideas and traditions with Hinduism, it is a distinctly different religion with unique concepts regarding "good and evil" and its more intense focus on the cultural concept of Dharma.

Deities:   Supernatural agents:   Beliefs:   Traditions:
  • Ayya Vaikundar (evolution, and creator of deities)
  • Ekam (supreme deity of soul and the "ultimate oneness")
  • Sivam
  • Sakthi
  • Natham (voice)
  • Trimurthi
  • Kali Yuga (supreme power)
  • Vishnu
  • Narayana (Ayya Vaikundar's father)
  • Siva (supreme power; replaced by deity Kali Yuga)
  • Kalimayai (a.k.a., Kroni; six fragments of primordial anti-Vishnu evil)
  • Ayya Vaikundar rules eternally as King
  • Ayya Vaikunda Avataram (20th day of the Tamil month Masi, approximately March or April)
  • Thiru Edu-Vasippu (17-day festival during the Tamil month of Karthigai, straddles November and December)
  • Various rituals that attempt to break Hinduism's caste-based inequalities
  • Various rituals intended to help those who are downtrodden or have been ill-treated

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